issue 4- Diversity in Europe & abroad

Bénédicte Halba, Emmanuel Jean-François (eds)

  • Publication : 2020
  • iriv

The fourth issue (March 2020) is suggesting to think of diversity in Education and Interfaith dialogue among multicultural countries. A first article analyses diversity inclusion in the USA, insisting on the necessity to enhance a “glocal diversity mindset”. A second article reminds of the example of Sarajevo, a city of peaceful existence between Jews, Muslims, Orthodox Serbs and Catholic Croats in a European country, Bosnia, with a historical “multifaceted, universal identity” that was brutally treated during the bloody Balkan war (1992-1995). As underlined by Ahmed Kulanić (lecturer at the International University of Sarajevo) the continual use and misuse of religious identities, mostly by politicians for political reasons” creates a “fragility within society and also undermines a genuine reconciliation process”. In the case of Bosnia and Herzegovina, if the Dayton Peace Agreement provided “the basis for dialogue and reconciliation by ending the war”, it has also “enforced the ethnic division and segregation of Bosnian society that ultimately led towards the formation of the ethnically cleansed territories”.  Any national reconciliation process is very fragile, interfaith dialogue is therefore necessary to ensure its success and sustainability. The approach of “simply tolerating difference” is not enough. According to Kulanić, Interfaith dialogue should be further and deeper – “actually sharing and cherishing our differences, thus creating a truly multicultural and plural society”.  In this perspective, there shouldn’t be any hierarchy among the different cultures or religions, one being considered as “mainstream” as opposed to other cultures or religions presented as “minorities”. This is the main idea lying in secularism - equally treating all religions, and respecting all beliefs, including the right not to be a believer, nor belonging to any religion. Ultimately Interfaith dialogue and multiculturalism concern everybody- believers or unbelievers, whatever one’s cultural or religious background, in order to enhance a real and effective diversity inclusion


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